|Eye exams are done
on the premises.
Please call 416 536 7999 to book an appointment.
• O.H.I.P. pays for 1 eye exam per year for people between the
ages of 1 - 19 and 65 years and older.
• Annual eye exams are also covered for some ocular and systemic
diseases. Please call for details.
What do you need to bring when you come for an eye examination?
• OHIP card.
• Your old glasses.
• Please remove your contact lenses at least two hours prior to
your eye exam.
Vision Screenings vs. Eye Exams: Why Are Eye Exams Important?
Is it really that important to have routine eye exams? What if you just
passed a vision screening at work or school — do you still need
an eye exam?
Here are a few important differences between vision screenings and eye
exams — and why routine eye exams are so important even if you've
passed a vision screening.
Vision Screenings Are Not Eye Exams
Vision screenings are not comprehensive eye exams. Screenings usually
take only a few minutes and are often performed by volunteers who are
not eye care professionals.
In many cases, vision screenings are nothing more than a visual acuity
test where you're asked to identify the smallest letters you can on a
vision chart across the room.
Vision screenings typically are designed to only detect subnormal visual
acuity and major vision problems — as quickly and cost-effectively
as possible. They generally are ineffective for detecting more subtle
vision problems and potentially sight-robbing eye diseases.
People who fail a vision screening (usually because their visual acuity
is worse than 20/40) are made aware of this and are encouraged to visit
an eye doctor so they can have their vision problem professionally diagnosed
and treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine or surgery.
Eye exams, on the other hand, are performed by licensed eye doctors (an
optometrist or ophthalmologist) and evaluate not only your visual acuity,
but also the complete health of your eyes, from front to back —
including checking for early signs of serious eye problems such as glaucoma,
cataracts, macular degeneration and detached retina.
Your eye doctor also can detect early signs of serious health problems
such as diabetes, high blood pressure and risk of stroke, based on the
appearance of delicate blood vessels and other structures within the eye.
Children's Vision Screenings Are Helpful — But Kids Need Eye Exams,
Good vision is essential for children to reach their full academic potential.
It's been widely stated that roughly 80 percent of what children learn
in school is presented visually, and vision problems can have a profound
effect on learning.
According to the American Optometric Association, an estimated 20 percent
of preschool children have vision problems. Other research shows that
24 percent of adolescents with correctable refractive errors (nearsightedness,
farsightedness and/or astigmatism) don't have their vision fully corrected
with up-to-date prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Also, children are using computers and other digital devices much more
extensively and start using these devices at a much younger age than children
in the past. The illuminated screens of these modern devices tend to be
more visually demanding than books and other printed text.
Increased use of digital devices by children has occurred simultaneously
with another significant trend — an unprecedented increase in myopia
among children in the U.S. and worldwide. These two trends have led many
eye care professionals to believe computers and digital devices play an
important role in the development of nearsightedness and myopia progression.
This makes it more important than ever for children to have their eyes
examined routinely to identify and treat vision problems.
Vision screenings are helpful to identify children who already have significant
myopia, but screenings aren't sensitive or thorough enough to identify
all children who have vision problems that can affect their learning.
Passing A Vision Screening Doesn't Mean Your Child's Vision Is Perfect
Even if your child passes a school vision screening, it doesn't guarantee
he or she has perfect vision or has all the required visual skills needed
for optimum performance in the classroom.
In fact, a number of studies have identified significant challenges and
shortcomings of children's vision screenings, including:
Children with significant learning-related vision problems being able
to pass simple school vision screenings
Poor consistency of screening results among different volunteers conducting
Parents being unaware their child failed a vision screening
Lack of follow-up to make sure children who fail screening actually have
an eye exam
Also, poor standardization of vision screening standards among different
states and lack of reporting requirements make it impossible to adequately
evaluate the effectiveness of school vision screenings.
Older Adults Need More Frequent Eye Exams
On the other end of the age spectrum, many older Americans often forgo
routine eye exams and falsely believe that free vision screenings offer
adequate monitoring and protection of their eyesight.
This is extremely dangerous, since the most common causes of blindness
— glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration —
increase with age. Vision loss often can be prevented or reduced if these
conditions are diagnosed and treated early. But the only way this can
be done is to have routine comprehensive eye exams.
Don't take chances with your eyesight as you get older. It may be sufficient
to have a comprehensive eye exam every two years in your early adult life.
But if you're over age 60, have an annual eye exam to preserve your vision
and make sure you are seeing the world as clearly as possible.